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By William Cullen Bryant, Thomas G. Voss

The years earlier than and through the Civil warfare marked the excessive element of Bryant's effect on public affairs, which had grown gradually because the night submit had upheld the democratic Jacksonian revolution of the 1830s. A founding father of the unfastened Soil celebration in 1848 and the Republican occasion in 1856, Bryant used to be lauded in 1857 via Virginia anti-slavery chief John Curtis Underwood, who wrote to Eli Thayer, What a glory it might be to our nation if it might probably go with this guy to the Presidency-the state now not he will be venerated & increased through such an event.In 1860 Bryant helped safe the Presidential nomination for Abraham Lincoln, and used to be instrumental within the number of key participants of his cupboard, Salmon Chase as Secretary of the Treasury, and Gideon Welles as Secretary of the military. in the course of disheartening delays and defeats within the early warfare years, direct communications from Union box commanders empowered his editorial admonitions to any such measure that the conductor of a countrywide journal concluded that the night Post's transparent and capable political leaders were of extra carrier to the govt. of this conflict than a few of its armies.Bryant's correspondence with statesmen additional displays the immediacy of his crisis with army and political judgements. There are thirty-five recognized letters to Lincoln, and thirty-two to Chase, Welles, warfare secretary Stanton, and Senators Fessenden, Morgan, and Sumner.This seven-year passage in Bryant's lifestyles, starting along with his wife's serious ailment at Naples in 1858, concludes with a distinct testimonial for his 70th birthday in November 1864. The country's best artists and writers entertained him at a Festivalin New York's Century membership, giving him a portfolio of images via forty-six painters as a token of the sympathyhe had ever manifested towards the Artists,and the excessive rankhe had ever accorded to art.Poets Emerson, Holmes, Longfellow, Lowell, and Whittier saluted him in prose and verse. Emerson observed him as a real painter of the face of this nation; Holmes, because the first candy singer within the cage of our close-woven life.To Whittier, his own and public existence sounded his noblest strain.And within the darkest hours of the struggle, stated Lowell, he had remanned ourselves in his personal manhood's store,had develop into himself our bravest crown.

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Extra resources for The Letters of William Cullen Bryant: 1858-1864

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Before leaving Ferdinand, the Bryants received an invitation prompted by Edwin Field to visit Mr. and Mrs. Edward Flower at their home, The Hill, in Stratford-upon Avon, and went there by stage on August 9. Flower, a prosperous brewer and horse fancier, who had spent a part of his youth in Illinois, welcomed American visitors. A few years after the Bryants' visit, as mayor of Stratford, he organized a Shakespeare tercentenary; in 1879 his son Charles Edward Flower, who had also entertained the Bryants, founded the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre.

I am grieved for Durand's loss. 7 My wife and daughter desire their best regards. Remember them and me most kindly to your mother and sisters. My wife, in particular, desires me to say to you how much she is concerned for the malady that affects your eyes. Her own health, just now, is not good, in consequence of an epidemic grippe which she was attacked with at Marseilles, but I hope she is mending. I am, dear Gourlie, Most truly yours, W. C. BRYANT. MANUSCRIPT: Edith C. Gourlie PUBLISHED (in part): Life, II, 103104.

I enclose a little note addressed to the post master at Rome,2 which I hope will be sufficient. When I am ready to come to Rome I will stop them two or three days beforehand. I have heard nothing in particular from our friends in America since I wrote to you. MANUSCRIPT: NYPL-GR (draft fragment). 1. Julia Bryant's Great Barrington cousin and companion on this journey; see Vol. III, 313. 2. This letter (draft in NYPL-GR) asked that mail for the Bryants and Estelle Ives be forwarded to Naples in care of Robert Dale Owen.

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