By John S. Haller Jr.
Within the purely booklet thus far to discover the interval among the 1859 book of Darwin’s beginning of Species and the invention in 1900 of Gregor Mendel’s experiments in genetics, John S. Haller, Jr., indicates the connection among medical "conviction" and public coverage. He specializes in the various liberally trained American scientists who have been stuck up within the triumph of evolutionary rules and who sought to use these principles to comparative morality, healthiness, and the physiognomy of nonwhite races.
During this era, the typical and social scientists of the day not just approved with no query the genetic and cultural superiority of the Caucasian; in addition they asserted that the Caucasian race held a monopoly on evolutionary growth, arguing that "inferior races" have been not more than evolutionary survivors doomed by means of their genetic legacy to stay outcasts from evolution.
Hereditarians and evolutionists believed that "less healthy" human races have been perishing from the pains of civilization’s fight and pageant. certainly, racial inferiority lay on the very beginning of the evolutionary framework and, final there, rose to the top of "truth" with the parable of medical sure bet.
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Additional info for Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859 - 1900
Army. Colorado Cavalry Regiment, 1st (1862–1865)—History. I. Title. 8004'97353—dc23 2012012122 CONTENTS List of Maps and Illustrations Preface 1 A Perfect Mob 2 Looters 3 The Smoking Gun 4 Accurate but Not Precise 5 Indelible Infamy 6 You Can’t Carve Things in Stone Epilogue: When Is Enough Enough? Notes Index MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS Map of Colorado Sand Creek Massacre site Sand Creek Battle Ground marker Obelisk erected to memorialize Sand Creek Colorado Civil War Memorial, Denver Plaque affixed to the base of the Colorado Civil War Memorial George Bent’s maps of Sand Creek Samuel Bonsall’s map of military sites along the Western frontier Map of the site of the Sand Creek Massacre, based on archival projections Map of archeological findings at the Sand Creek Massacre site Map of the boundary of the Sand Creek Massacre site National Park Service map of the Sand Creek Massacre site Southern Cheyenne, Southern Arapaho, and Northern Cheyenne map of the Sand Creek Massacre site Revised plaque placed at the Colorado Civil War Memorial Stand of young cottonwoods at Sand Creek Map of Jeff C.
Unfortunately, Chivington continued, the Indians had not fulfilled their obligations. They had never handed over the livestock and hostages their people had taken during recent raids. ” So although Major Edward Wynkoop, formerly Fort Lyon’s commander, had “promise[d]” Black Kettle’s people “the protection of our flag,” Chivington said that Wynkoop had been cashiered for exceeding his authority in doing so. ”24 Chivington buttressed that contention by underscoring the essential fiendishness of all Indians, appealing to white racial solidarity, and invoking gender ideologies—the sanctity of white femininity—that structured Anglo-American society.
Across more than seven single-spaced pages, he answered nineteen pointed questions. He provided information ranging from autobiographical tidbits to his impression of the intentions of the Native Americans killed at Sand Creek. ” Coloradans, Chivington went on, had feared that a vast confederation of Indians was scheming at the time to obliterate settlers on the Plains. Were these Native people part of that unholy alliance? Chivington could not say for certain. But, he explained, the warriors in this camp had prepared in advance for violence, belying later claims that they had been friendly.