Download Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility: Fortune’s Web by N. Athanassoulis PDF

By N. Athanassoulis

Morality, ethical good fortune and accountability is a severe exam of our figuring out of morality and accountability during the questions raised by means of the matter of ethical success. The ebook considers varied techniques to ethical success, the Aristotelian vulnerability to elements open air the agent's keep watch over and the Kantian ambition to make morality resistant to success, and concludes that either methods have extra in universal than formerly inspiration. whilst, it additionally considers contemporary advancements within the box of advantage ethics and neo-kantianism. This ebook will attract an individual with an curiosity in normative theories and the elemental questions surrounding ethical accountability and the attribution of compliment and blame.

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24 However, we have already seen how situational factors affect dispositional factors. Situational factors affect the development, strengthening and exercise of dispositional factors, and surely these are examples where situational factors outside the agent’s control have an effect on the instantiation of character traits in action. If a virtuous agent is incapacitated because he is intoxicated, but he is not responsible for having become intoxicated, we should not interpret his failure to act as an uncharacteristic failure of virtue.

For example, developing certain emotional responses, such as empathy towards the concerns of others, may make it easier to perceive morally relevant features of situations. Deficiency in such emotional responses may lead to a lack of awareness of the fact that a moral response is required of the agent. Faculties such as moral imagination may also be required for the correct grasp of situations. However, this is a whole topic in itself and all we need to take from this discussion is a specific understanding of virtue.

A broader characterization of types of moral luck into constitutive, developmental (situational) and resultant may be of more use. Ultimately, we shall see that although resultant luck can be explained and accommodated for, developmental (situational) and constitutive luck pose more fundamental problems. This is slightly surprising as constitutive luck in particular tends to be generally side-stepped in recent discussions of moral luck. However, this may be because the possibility of constitutive luck goes to the core of the fundamental questions discussed above and raises the greatest challenges for our conception of humanity and morality.

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