By Grace-Edward Galabuzi
Canada's financial Apartheid calls cognizance to the turning out to be racialization of the space among wealthy and negative. regardless of the dire implications for Canadian society, the rift is expanding with minimum public and coverage realization. The myths concerning the monetary functionality of Canada's racialized groups which are used to deflect public trouble and to masks the transforming into social drawback are challenged during this suitable paintings. Dr. Galabuzi issues to the function of old styles of systemic racial discrimination as crucial in figuring out the continual over-representation of racialized teams in low-paying occupations. whereas Canada embraces globalization and romanticizes cultural range, there are continual expressions of xenophobia and racial marginalization that recommend a continuous political and cultural attachment to the concept that of a White, settled society.
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Additional info for Canada's Economic Apartheid: The Social Exclusion of Racialized Groups in the New Century
The labour of racialized group members is devalued, with added signiﬁcance because of their increased numbers in Canada’s urban areas. The process of intensiﬁed exploitation is manifest even during a period of relative prosperity in Canada, and as we account in this book, between 1996 and 2001, the gap between rich and poor became not only wider, but also increasingly racialized. While historically, the majority of immigrants have achieved some degree of economic success in the Canadian labour market, many immigrants started with wages and salaries lower than those of comparable Canadian-born workers.
For comparison, according to 1996 Census data, two out of every three Japanese Canadians (44,000) are Canadian-born, while the ratio among African Canadians is two out of every ﬁve African Canadians (241,000). That is closer to the racialized group average of 68% (immigrants) to 32% (Canadian born). 28. Various Annual Reports, Employment Equity Act; see also Taskforce on the Participation of Visible Minorities in the Federal Public Service (Government of Canada, 2000). 29. Statistics Canada, “1996 Census: Sources of Income, Earnings,” The Daily (May 12, 1998).
Canada’s economy has historically created social class hierarchies, which emphasize divisions such as gender and race. While race is a social construct based principally on superﬁcial differences in physical appearance, it has always been an important part of Canada’s population-economy complex. From early European attempts to take control of the land, resources, and trade from the First Nations, which involved restricting their economic participation, to the selective importation of African American, Asian, and Caribbean labour, and the more recent casualization of racialized immigrant labour, race has been and continues to be a major factor in determining access to economic opportunity in Canada.