By Stephen Ralph Duguid
Can members be reformed or rehabilitated within the legal? A chronic physique of labor shows that rehabilitation and/or reformation via incarceration is illusory. Exceptions, in keeping with this view, are the results of coincidence, no longer layout. for lots of practitioners in corrections structures, the incarceration of criminals is a .fact. and the duty of prisons is to isolate, deter, and punish and in simple terms then, might be reform the felony. In .Can felony Work?. Stephen Duguid contends that either critics and defenders of incarceration have erred in making the prisoner the article instead of the topic in their discourse; the critics see prisoners as sufferers of a massive establishment and the defenders view them as incorrigibles persuaded basically via coercion or manipulation.
Duguid starts by means of reviewing the philosophical and cultural contexts that ended in the assumption of .curing. criminals (in addition to deterring crime) via remedy and incarceration, proposing different old commentaries from Plato and Socrates to former inmates. the 2 dominant techniques to trendy corrections also are mentioned, the only in line with sociology and the single in accordance with psychology - the latter being obvious as liable for the increase within the 20th century of a medicalized method of corrections.
It used to be the cave in of this 'medical' version (in the Seventies) that created probabilities for leading edge ways in penology and 4 of those techniques are tested in a few intensity. targeting prisons with extensively conceived academic courses prepared by way of humans from outdoors the sector of corrections, Duguid describes how courses in Canada, England, Scotland, and the us have been profitable principally as the courting with prisoner-students was once outfitted round notions of reciprocity, mutual appreciate, and person improvement. Empirical info from an in depth follow-up research of the Canadian software is gifted as facts of the capability luck utilizing some of these methods. In every one of those situations, besides the fact that, those courses, others like them, have been ultimately terminiated by way of legal professionals. The e-book concludes with the exploration of the strain among legal structures and outsiders engaged with courses inside of prisons. It argues opposed to the re-emergence of a brand new clinical version in favour of extra humane - and human - methods to person switch and reformation.
Winner of the Harold Adams Innis Prize, offered by means of the Canadian Federation for the arts and Social Sciences
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Extra resources for Can Prisons Work?: The Prisoner as Object and Subject in Modern Corrections
The idea of 'correcting' goes back at least as far as the eighteenthcentury Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia with its stress on being 'penitent,' introspective, self-analytical and remorseful as the path towards citizenship. But it is really with the latter half of the twentieth century that the treatment prison emerged in full flower, with the medical model as its rationale and provider of rational, scientific tools. We have seen already some of the rhetorical flourishes that accompanied this model, but a refresher will not hurt: Imprisonment and punishment do not present themselves as the proper methods of dealing with criminals.
For the treatment practitioners it was an elective affinity, a set of links between self and act that were not necessarily freely or consciously chosen, could be identified, diagnosed, prescribed for, and treated. Before moving on to examine the operation of the medical model in some detail, we need to establish more clearly what it looked like in practice. We can do this by examining a portion of the carceral history of one of the men included in the British Columbia research study. We will call the man Bill and fictionalize his case sufficiently to preserve his anonymity but not enough to blur the reality of his experience.
In 1998 from Bernard Spring, owner of Antiquarius, #609 - 207 W. , V6B 1H7 38 Can Prisons Work? in mother's lap. The circumstances made him rebel against society to take revenge for deprivation of his childhood love and affection. He was in conflict with the law at an early age. He had been in police lock-ups and provincial prisons until he got his first federal term in 1968 for armed robbery. To draw a clear picture of his criminal history, the record from 1977 is as follows: 1977 1977 1978 1980 1982 1984 1984 1984 10 years armed robbery Escape - apprehended 1 year consecutive for escape Escape - apprehended Unlawfully at large 1 year consecutive 10 years concurrent armed robbery 18 months consecutive - use of firearm The foregoing criminal history shows his criminal activities progressed from car theft to armed robbery.