Discrimination Racism

Download Blue Veins and Kinky Hair: Naming and Color Consciousness in by Obiagele Lake PDF

By Obiagele Lake

The writer explores how Africans in the United States internalized the damaging photos created of them by way of the ecu international, and the way internalized racism has labored to fracture African American team spirit and thereby dilute inchoate efforts towards liberation. within the overdue Sixties, swap all started with the Black is gorgeous slogan and new a awareness, which went hand in hand with Black energy and pan-African hobbies. the writer argues that for any humans to be successful, they have to first include their very own identification, together with actual features. Naming, dermis colour, and hair were topical concerns within the African American neighborhood because the 18th century. those 3 components are key to a feeling of id and self, and so they have been forcefully replaced whilst Africans have been taken out of Africa as slaves.The writer discusses how team and private names, together with racial epithets, have had far-reaching and deep-seated results on African American self notion. so much of her realization, in spite of the fact that, is concentrated on problems with actual visual appeal which replicate a better or lesser measure of racial mixing. She tells us approximately unique African American agencies equivalent to The Blue Vein Society, within which club was once prolonged to African americans whose dermis colour and hair texture tended towards these of ecu americans, even if filthy rich dark-skinned humans have been additionally eligible. a lot of the booklet info the lengths to which African American girls have long gone to lighten their complexions and straighten their hair. those endeavors begun a long time in the past, and nonetheless proceed, even though this present day there's additionally a number of ladies who're adamantly going usual. Her historic examine the cultural heritage to African American problems with hair and pores and skin is the 1st monograph of its variety.

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Extra info for Blue Veins and Kinky Hair: Naming and Color Consciousness in African America

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As discussed in Fitchett (1940:86), out of the 353 free Africans who owned land in 1859, only nine persons paid taxes on real estate valued over $10,000. According to Frazier (1966:149), 258 "free persons of color ... " Slave owners were prominent among BFS members. This is important to emphasize because some scholars (see, for example, Harris 1981:300; Wikramanayake 1973:40; and Woodson 1924) suggest that these individuals held slaves in order to allow them a greater measure of freedom than they otherwise would have enjoyed.

Because divorce was rarely countenanced in this era, European American wives had to endure their husbands' insults. In one case, however, where the husband brought his mistress to live under the same roof as his wife, she was granted a divorce (Everett 1952:236). An accounting of the varied responses by European American wives is best summarized by Gayarre: The household peace was destroyed; there were secret tears, placid resignation, or open strife and deserved reproaches in the Caucasian homes.

Chapter 2 Mulattoes and Color Consciousness in the United States Since the sixteenth century, miscegenation between people of African and European descent has created a population of mixed-race people in all parts of the African Diaspora. In the United States, this population was produced in three ways—the European rape of African women, legal marriages, and consensual sexual relations outside of marriage. The European rape of African women, which began on slave ships and continued on the plantations, resulted in a lighter-skinned mulatto class that served as a buffer between African and European Americans.

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