By James Crawford
Bilingualism is a truth that many americans nonetheless locate tough to just accept; for this reason the prominence of English-only activism in U.S. politics. This selection of essays analyzes the assets of the anti-bilingual circulation, its altering instructions, and its influence on schooling coverage. The e-book additionally explores efforts to withstand the English-only pattern, together with initiatives to revitalize local American languages.
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Extra info for At war with diversity: US language policy in an age of anxiety
950). R. 123, Edward Chen of the American Civil Liberties Union reiterated the 9th Circuit’s findings of law and extended its constitutional arguments beyond the First Amendment. He warned that English-only restrictions would also violate ‘equal protection’ guarantees under the Fifth and Fourteenth amendments, by ‘discriminating against an already disadvantaged and powerless minority’ (US House of Representatives, 1995b: 26). Where such groups are adversely affected by state action, the Supreme Court has required legislation to meet standards of ‘strict scrutiny’ – insisting that it be ‘precisely tailored to serve a compelling government interest’ (Plyler v.
A troubling situation indeed. Such feelings were real, if ill-founded. Sponsors of English-only legislation sought to bolster them with what could be called the Babel argument. Testifying before a House subcommittee, Representative Toby Roth of Wisconsin claimed that ‘for one in seven Americans, English is a foreign language. … I want to keep America one nation, one people. We must preserve the common bond that has kept his country of immigrants together for more than two centuries by making English our official language’ (US House of Representatives, 1995a: 17–18).
Freedom of speech is the foundation of our democratic process,’ wrote Judge Melvin Brunetti. ‘By restricting the free communication of ideas between elected officials and the people they serve, Article XXVIII threatens the very survival of our democratic society’ (p. 950). R. 123, Edward Chen of the American Civil Liberties Union reiterated the 9th Circuit’s findings of law and extended its constitutional arguments beyond the First Amendment. He warned that English-only restrictions would also violate ‘equal protection’ guarantees under the Fifth and Fourteenth amendments, by ‘discriminating against an already disadvantaged and powerless minority’ (US House of Representatives, 1995b: 26).