Criticism Theory

Download Aspects of Literary Comprehension: A Cognitive Approach by Rolf A. Zwaan PDF

By Rolf A. Zwaan

Given the truth that there are broadly types of textual content, it really is not going that each textual content is processed within the similar approach. it's assumed the following that for every textual content kind, informed readers have built a specific cognitive regulate process, which regulates the elemental operations of textual content comprehension. The e-book specializes in the comprehension of literary texts, which includes particular cognitive recommendations that allow the reader to reply flexibly to the indeterminacies of the literary studying scenario. The examine is predicated seriously on tools and theoretical conceptions from cognitive psychology and provides the result of experiments conducted with actual readers. the implications aren't purely correct to analyze difficulties in literary thought, but additionally to the research of discourse comprehension usually.

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It is not clear at all to what extent Meutsch's findings have any bearing on the comprehension process as such. On-line measurements of inference generation (cf. Garnham 1989; Vonk and Noordman 1990; Van Oostendorp 1988 for recent findings) indicate that relatively few inferences are made while reading. Moreover, it has been shown that elaborative inferences are almost never made on-line, and when they are made, they are only made under very specific textual conditions (cf. O'Brien et al. 1989).

From the view of discourse-type specific control systems it would follow that not only particular linguistic structures influence perception, but that control systems may do the same. If this assumption holds any water, then one might predict that one and the same text will be processed slower under a literary-comprehension control system than under a news-comprehension control system. This prediction may be backed up by assumptions about incidental learning. Mature readers of litera­ ture may be on the lookout for deviations from everyday language, or from everyday logic.

It was pointed out that for each conventional type of text, proficient readers may have acquired such systems, which monitor their comprehension. Although all language comprehension makes use of the same basic opera­ tions, it is possible that these operations are differently regulated, once a different control system is in charge. It was pointed out that text comprehen­ sion can be understood as the simultaneous construction of three levels of representation based on textual information: the surface structure, the textbase, and the situation model.

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