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Download Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on by Gerard Hughes PDF

By Gerard Hughes

Hughes explains the foremost parts in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics terminology and highlights the talk concerning the interpretations of his writings. furthermore, he examines the function that Aristotle's ethics proceed to play in modern ethical philosophy through evaluating and contrasting his perspectives with these extensively held this day.

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His lectures were to provide the final stage of a process of moral education; or, to be more exact, they were to give the theoretical backing to a process of moral training which had already been largely completed. In so doing, he aimed to produce morally thoughtful adults who would be good people, and good members of the community. In the chapters that follow, I shall not adhere strictly to Aristotle’s order of exposition (if indeed it is Aristotle’s). I shall try to explain the key parts of it first, and then fill in the surroundings later.

Is there any morally neutral way of showing that any one of these lives is ‘lower’ or ‘higher’ than another, given that all of them require careful thought and planning? What exactly is written into the notion of a human being functioning well, and why? To answer this question, we need to see how Aristotle proposes to treat the virtues, and to ask how he knows which ways of acting are virtuous and which not. We shall discuss these issues in the next chapter. Meanwhile, though, it is important to note that, even in Aristotle’s own view, the Function Argument leaves the question of the fulfilled life, if not wide open, at least answered only in broad outline (I, 7, 1098a20–24).

A clue, it is sometimes said, is to be found in the way Aristotle uses the phrase ‘for the sake of’, and on this the differences of opinion start right at the beginning, over a passage in the Preface: If there is some point to everything we do, something we want for its own sake and which explains why we do everything else, then obviously this has to be the good, the best of all. And there has to be some such point, otherwise everything would be chosen for the sake of something else and we would have an infinite regress, with the result that it would be futile and pointless to want anything at all.

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