By Richard C Brown
This ebook is a background, research, and feedback of what the writer calls postmodern interpretations of technological know-how (PIS) and the heavily comparable sociology of clinical wisdom (SSK). This circulation lines its beginning to Thomas Kuhn's innovative paintings, The constitution of clinical Revolutions (1962), yet is extra severe. It believes that technology is a social building , having little to do with nature, and relies on contextual forces reminiscent of the race, type, gender of the scientist, laboratory politics, or the wishes of the army business advanced. because the Nineteen Seventies, PIS has develop into trendy within the humanities, social sciences, and ethnic or women's stories, in addition to within the new educational self-discipline of technology, expertise, and Society (STS). it's been attacked by means of various authors and the ensuing conflicts resulted in the so-called technological know-how Wars of the Nineteen Nineties. whereas the current booklet can be severe of PIS, it makes a speciality of its highbrow and political origins and attempts to appreciate why it grew to become influential within the Nineteen Seventies. The publication is either an highbrow and a political background. It examines the ideas of Karl Popper, Karl Mannheim, Ludwik Fleck, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, David Bloor, Steve Woolgar, Steve Shapin, Bruno Latour, and PIS-like doctrines in arithmetic. It additionally describes a variety of philosophical contributions to PIS starting from the Greek sophists to twentieth century post-structuralists and argues that the disturbed political surroundings of the Vietnam struggle period was once severe to the increase of PIS. Contents: Rip van Winkle Awakes; A Golden Age and Its finish; components within the PIS Bouillabaisse; A Canary within the Mine; The Unmasking of cause; idea types and concept Collectives; The Reluctant progressive; something is going; The Sociological assault; The Deconstruction of arithmetic; Epistemic concerns; The Fallibility of Conventionalism and Fallibilism; Madison in 1973; Kto Kogo?.
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Extra info for Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science)
One of the most fundamental and universally agreed-upon characteristics of science in this era was that it enjoyed a different epistemological status than the humanities. Since the late nineteenth century humanists had become increasingly aware of the uncertainty and historical contingency in their own work. What nontrivial judgements in history, political science, philosophy, and the like could be said to be unambiguously true? What orthodoxy in these fields could endure the eroding effects of historical and political change?
Paradigms dictate what problems scientists should 16 Latour (1987), p. 258. February 4, 2009 10:17 World Scientific Book - 9in x 6in 12 (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) PostmodernSci Postmodern Interpretations of Science investigate, what questions theories should answer, and and what constitutes valid scientific explanation. , there are no standards accepted by both sides which can decide between them. As in political disputes scientists talk past each other. ” What in particular are “scientific facts” or “truths”?
February 4, 2009 10:17 World Scientific Book - 9in x 6in 34 PostmodernSci Postmodern Interpretations of Science did colonial anthropologists or the administrators who employed them view these cultures in any sense as “equal” to the West. ” By 1918, however, the superiority of the West appeared to consist in only the ability to scientifically and efficiently kill millions of people. From this experience cultural relativism blossomed not just as a methodology for anthropologists, but as a moral and intellectual imperative,11 reflecting not only insight and moral progress but also a failure of nerve.