By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those ideas are torture, and they're felony within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy background of U.S. torture. He indicates how those systems grew to become typical perform in today's battle on terror. firstly, the CIA dependent their strategies at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of bucks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those strategies to interrogators charged with retaining communism at bay. They produced strategy manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the United States, and somewhere else. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to eliminate their use. After 9-11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy warring parties detained in America's substantial gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the reformatory at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman exhibits that those interrogation equipment violate greater than foreign legislations and primary human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Additional info for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
Following enactment of the POW Code of Conduct, the Chinhae course was phased out and replaced by a program at Stead Air Force Base, Nevada. Although small-scale survival training had been conducted at the base since 1950, by 1955 the Stead school was considered the toughest ‘torture school’ in the armed forces. The school adopted the nickname SERE, an acronym for Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape. Otterman - American Torture PAGE36 36 15/12/06 10:22:22 AM Stre ss Inoculation 37 The first portion of SERE forced cadets to live off the land.
The panel found that ‘the communists have developed, and perfected, a diabolical method of torture which combines degradation, deprivation and mental harassment, and which is aimed at the destruction of the individual’s will to resist’. The panel determined that ‘this method can be applied to an individual continuously over such a long period of time by a skillful, ruthless and determined enemy that one of three events inevitably takes place: A. The victim’s will to resist is broken, and he responds as the enemy desires.
The subjects there were ‘volunteers’ who, after signing a general consent form, were administered high doses of LSD. As a reward for participation, the addicts were provided with any illicit drugs of their choice. One subject was given ‘double, triple, and quadruple doses’ of the drug, while another was kept on LSD for seventy-five days straight. In addition to LSD, agents experimented with a host of other drugs including marijuana, cocaine, PCP, ether, mescaline and heroin. Of these drugs, heroin was deemed to hold the most potential.