Criminology

Download American Criminal Justice Policy: An Evaluation Approach to by Daniel P. Mears PDF

By Daniel P. Mears

American felony Justice coverage examines the various such a lot trendy legal justice rules at the American panorama and reveals that they fall good wanting reaching the responsibility and effectiveness that policymakers have recommended and that the general public expects. The regulations comprise mass incarceration, intercourse criminal legislation, supermax prisons, faith-based prisoner reentry courses, move of juveniles to grownup courtroom, family violence necessary arrest legislation, drug courts, gun legislation, neighborhood policing, inner most prisons, and so forth. expectantly, Daniel P. Mears argues that this case could be replaced via systematic incorporation of assessment study into coverage improvement, tracking, and overview. To this finish, the ebook presents a transparent and obtainable dialogue of 5 forms of overview - wishes, conception, implementation or method, final result and impression, and cost-efficiency. And it identifies how they are often used either to carry the felony justice procedure dependable and to extend the effectiveness of crime keep watch over and crime prevention efforts.

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Additional resources for American Criminal Justice Policy: An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and Effectiveness

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The gold standard for impact evaluations is the experiment, precisely because, if well conducted, the results can be interpreted in a straightforward manner as indicating that a program “works” or does not. 77 Consequently, the results of many studies rest on 32 AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY shaky foundations and so lead to a situation in which researchers must be highly cautious in reporting results. A typical example, created for illustrative purposes here, would be a study in which the hypothetical conclusion reads as follows: The results here suggest that program X may reduce the recidivism of moderaterisk male offenders but not necessarily affect the recidivism of high-risk or low-risk offenders or of female offenders.

My goal here is not to repeat such efforts but rather to apply an evaluation research approach to criminal justice policy, with the goals of (1) showing how evaluation research can be used to improve criminal justice policy; (2) making the argument that, in fact, many criminal justice policies lack a solid, “evidence-based” foundation; and (3) arguing that evaluation research should be much more and much better integrated into all criminal justice policy making and practice to increase government accountability, evidence-based practice, and the effectiveness and efficiency of the criminal justice system.

Consequently, it can be a struggle to try to discuss the results in a way that runs counter to their training. That struggle can turn into resistance if they feel that policy makers or the media purposely or unwittingly distort such results. A third problem is the limited funding for criminal justice and crime policy research. ”71 However, federal funding for criminal justice research has been nominal and remains so. Consider the funding of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), which serves as the main federal agency focused on criminal justice evaluation and policy researches.

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