By John Norris, Mike Fuller
The German 88 mm used to be by means of a ways the main recognized and flexible artillery weapon of global battle II. It used to be first used as an anti-aircraft weapon via the Condor Legion through the Spanish Civil warfare and observed extra carrier within the German invasions of Poland and France, the place it used to be first utilized in its anti-tank function. This function used to be relatively profitable and the 88 turned feared by way of tank crews from North Africa to Russia. except those major roles the 88 mm was once used because the major weapon on late-war German tanks, as a self-propelled gun, or even as an aerial weapon. This publication covers these types of versions, explaining their layout, improvement and operational use.
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Additional info for 88mm Flak
Before looking at the tactical arrangements of the MG 34 and MG 42 in MMG/HMG roles, we need to get to grips with the mounts and sights available. Winter conditions presented a formidable challenge to a machine-gun team, as suggested here. The key problem was preventing the gun’s moving parts freezing solid in icy conditions, a skill that required careful gunoiling procedures and correct storage. (Cody Images) Tripod mounts and optical sights The Lafette 34 and Lafette 42 tripod mounts were the essential counterparts to the guns’ integral bipods.
While looking slightly comical to modern eyes, this means of transportation could be briskly effective, as bicycle-mounted troops were capable of travelling at twice the speed of footsloggers on roads or smooth tracks. For combat use, the MG 34 capitalized on an extremely flexible variety of mounts. It was seen fitted to the sidecars of motorcycle and sidecar combinations. The humble Kübelwagen light vehicle could take the gun either via a simple pedestal mount or a special spring-stabilized arm mount, which improved the gunner’s ability to track and fire on targets while the vehicle was moving.
Com 39 A German infantry squad establishes a series of defensive positions. The MG 34 team operates from what was officially known as a Schützenloch für leichte Maschinengewehr (two-man light machine-gun position). (Cody Images) 40 lion’s share of the return fire. By firing short disciplined bursts rather than long rippling bouts of fire, and by moving between positions of cover on a regular basis, the machine-gunner could partly hide his presence and location, although the MG 42 was particularly identifiable by its rasping bark.